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- Reconciliation, Integration and Healing Efforts in Zimbabwe.
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Browse titles authors subjects uniform titles series callnumbers dewey numbers starting from optional. See what's been added to the collection in the current 1 2 3 4 5 6 weeks months years. However, challenges to the conceptualization of reconciliation, particularly in the political sphere, remain. A starting point then may be to challenge conceptions of reconciliation as they appear in political discourse, particularly when references to reconciliation made by political elites are used as mere instrumentalization, 6 See for example Wilson, R. What does reconciliation after genocide mean?
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Public transcripts and hidden transcripts in post-genocide Rwanda. Reconciliation commission and community reconciliation: An analysis of competing strategies and conceptualizations. A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Ph. How reconciliation is conceptualized ultimately has implications for the policy frameworks currently being developed in the African Union and United Nations, as well as for the way reconciliation is being facilitated by governments after violent conflict.
Her research interest is in the intersection of formal and informal justice systems during transitions. Findings from these projects are intended to inform emerging transitional justice policies and guidelines in Africa and further abroad. You must be logged in to post a comment. Social Science Research Council. The SSRC is an independent, international, nonprofit organization. It fosters innovative research, nurtures new generations of social scientists, deepens how inquiry is practiced within and across disciplines, and mobilizes necessary knowledge on important public issues.
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The Immanent Frame publishes interdisciplinary perspectives on religion, secularism, and the public sphere. Giving, time, and a wish. Kujenga Amani facilitates the exchange of ideas about diverse aspects of peacebuilding in Africa. Photo credit to Flickr user unamid.
This picture is licensed under CC BY 2. No changes were made. A Possible Gateway to Further Research Even in the face of all these challenges, a database of reconciliation processes in the African context nevertheless has the potential to create a common starting point for talking about reconciliation in the political sphere, and it may bring attention to trends and patterns that in-depth case studies cannot reveal on their own. Cori Wielenga.
ISBN 13: 9789189098916
There are no comments yet No comments. Leave a Reply Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Doxtader, E. Literature on transitional justice has traditionally focused on two particular mechanisms that are believed to aid reconciliation processes significantly. The former, in the case of South Africa, played a fundamental role in establishing the truth of what happened — a key prerequisite for reconciliation — while criminal trials reputedly facilitate reconciliation largely through dispensing justice. Post-genocide Rwanda is a case in point. There is currently a huge debate in Zimbabwe — albeit in hushed voices — as to which approach could possibly lead to more positive and sustainable peace.
Insights on what could possibly work for Zimbabwe are shared later in this article.
Reconciliation After Violent Conflict: A Handbook
Healing and reconciliation efforts in Zimbabwe continue to face substantial challenges. Before , Zimbabwe waged a protracted liberation struggle against the white settler government of Ian Smith. About 80 Africans are estimated to have died during this war, while a further suffered injuries of varying intensities. The complexities around what transpired during this period have been made worse by half-truths and an almost-persistent blame game by both parties.
Unlike Rwanda — which chose to deal with its dark past by using a variety of approaches such as international trials at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda ICTR , national trials in local courts of laws and, in some instances, traditional dispute resolution mechanisms gacaca trials — the Government of Zimbabwe adopted a policy of national unity and reconciliation through the NPRC, which came into operation under Section of its newly adopted constitution. The Commission faced several challenges from its inception, which further delayed its effective start date.
As an example, the eight commissioners were only sworn in on 24 February , and not much work was done until 5 January when President Emmerson Mnangagwa signed the NPRC Bill into law, making operational the Commission that was appointed two years previously. Whether the government will relent is yet to be seen. Most importantly, it emphasises unity and cohesion as fundamental ingredients to healing and reconciliation. The inward-looking nature of the NPRC and its strong focus on the grassroots reflects a more holistic and comprehensive approach to reconciliation than conventional TRC approaches.
In other words, the NPRC seeks to achieve national healing and reconciliation through the creation of a false unity that ignores the critical aspect of truth-telling and accountability, and hence, does not allow for an open and honest engagement with the past. A recent survey by Heal Zimbabwe Trust in Matabeleland North province, home to scores of victims of state violence, revealed that Possibly, it may be argued that similar to Rwanda, the establishment of the NPRC reflects a critical recognition by the Government of Zimbabwe that criminal justice and trials alone retributive justice are not sufficient to bring about reconciliation, as opposed to restorative justice.
Furthermore, none of the known perpetrators have taken responsibility for their past actions, nor issued public apologies in acknowledgement of their wrongdoing. Despite the shortcomings of the policy, one could think that the NPRC potentially represents a significant and innovative model that could be adapted to other post-conflict societies to aid peacebuilding processes.
First, as clearly outlined in its constitutional mandate, the NPRC has a broad and comprehensive mandate.
This is important, given that reconciliatory efforts usually require holistic and multidimensional approaches to nation-building and peacebuilding. Second, and most importantly, is that societies and communities affected by large-scale violence of the magnitude of Gukurahundi, Operation Restore Order Murambatsvina , land seizures Jambanja and the election violence of June need to own the reconciliation process. This is something that cannot be imposed from outside or in a top-down approach.
Amadume correctly argues that it amounts to modern arrogance to assume that courts of law can be instruments of true healing and reconciliation. While few authors agree on what constitutes reconciliation or how to achieve it, two core elements can be identified. First and foremost, reconciliation entails the repair and restoration of relationships — and, regrettably, Zimbabwe has scored marginally on this.